Design Guidance

2022-11-10 BEST

IPC Standard

Here is IPC standard for flex circuits and rigid-flex circuits.

Flex PCB Standards

Design

IPC-FC-2221

Generic Standard On Printed Board Design

IPC-FC-2222

Sectional Design Standard for Rigid Organic Printed Boards

IPC-FC-2223

Sectional Design Standard for Flexible Printed Boards

Materials

IPC-4202

Flexible Base Dielectrics for Use in Flexible Printed Circuitry

IPC-4203

Adhesive Coated Dielectric Films for Use as Cover Sheets for Flexible Printed Circuitry and Flexible Adhesive Bonding Films

IPC-4204

Flexible Metal-Clad Dielectrics

Performance

IPC-6011

Generic Performance Specification for Printed Boards

IPC-6012

Qualification and Performance Specification for Rigid Printed Boards

IPC-6013

Qualification and Performance Specification for Flexible Printed Boards

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Quality Guidelines - Circuits & Assembly

IPC-A-600

Acceptability of Circuit Boards

IPC-A-610

Acceptability of Printed Circuit Board Assemblies

IPC/EIA J-STD001

Requirements for Soldered Electrical and Electronic Assemblies

Military

MIL-P-50884

Military Specification: Printed Wiring Board,Flexible or Rigid-Flex

MIL-PRF-31032

Performance Specification:printed Circuit Board/Printed Wiring Board,General Specification

IPC-6013 Class 3 (C) meets the same performance requirements as MIL-PRF-31032, and is accepted by government agencies as a COTS equivalent of the latter. If your flex circuit must meet performance requirements of MIL-P-50884, MIL-PRF-31032 or IPC6013, follow the IPC-2223 design specification recommendations.

Comparison of the new IPC-6013 to the old MIL-P-5088

(major highlighted differences)

1)  Ease of use:

IPC contains an index and paragraphs are easy to follow. Specification tries to promote communication between manufacturer and user.

MIL is not user friendly and requires user to refer to many different paragraphs.

2)  How current are specifications:

IPC contains all updated specifications.

MIL needs updating to current specifications.

3)  Specification addresses different performance level requirements

IPC contains three performance levels (1, 2, 3).

Class 1- general use; Class 2 - industrial use; Class 3 – high reliability

MIL has one performance level only (basically high reliability). This can result in unnecessary testing and other costs when lower performance requirements may satisfy the application.

4)  Rigid/Flex transition zone

IPC allows for visual imperfections in this zone that do not cause any functional degradation.

MIL does not address this area. Defaults to surface and sub-surface imperfections which

do not adequately address anomalies that frequently occur in this zone. This results in unwarranted rejections or indecision.

5)  Foreign Material (conductive and non-conductive)

IPC translucent foreign material is acceptable. All other foreign material is acceptable provided it is not closer than the minimum spacing on the drawing.

MIL must not be conductive, not be >.031”, not reduce spacing >25%, and not propagate. This results in rejections that in most cases do not affect performance.

6)  Measling and Crazing

IPC did an extensive study and found that these conditions do not cause any degradation in the performance of the printed wiring board and therefore concluded that “measling” and ”crazing” are not rejectable items.

MIL measling and crazing must conform to sub-surface imperfections requirements. This results in unwarranted rejections that were proven not to have any performance degradation.

7)  Solder Wicking

IPC specifically limits the amount of solder wicking by class.

MIL does not address this condition, therefore results in indecision.

8)  Minimum Annular Ring

IPC depends on Class. Class 3 is .002” external and .001” internal. Other classes are less stringent.

This recognizes designs are becoming smaller and require tighter geometry’s.

MIL .005” min. for external and .002” min. for internal.

9)  Solder Coating and Fused Tin-Lead

IPC solder finish must have coverage and be solderable

MIL solder coating must be .0003” min at the crest on the surface, .0001” min. at the crest in the

hole and coverage at the “knee” of the hole. Tin Lead coating must be .0003” min. before fusing. HASL has never met MIL-P-50884, however it is method most widely used for soldering today.

10)  Organic Solderability Preservative (OSP) coatings

IPC allows use of this technology. MIL does not address this technology.

11)  Copper Thickness after processing

IPC minimum copper foil thickness after processing is clearly defined

MIL not addressed. There is no minimum accepted value for how much copper can be removed during Processing.

12)  Qualification

IPC to be agreed upon by user and supplier.  Can be pre-production samples,  production samples, test specimens (i.e. IPC-A-41, 42 or 43), or based on documentation from testing of specimens furnished on similar product. There is no QPL listing

MIL must submit test specimens using artwork pattern IPC-A-41,42 or 43 and pass a Qualification Certification testing every 3 years. A QPL list is generated.

13)  Coupon Design

IPC Coupon design is per IPC-2221. Coupon design tries to represent circuit pattern. MIL Coupon design per MIL-STD-2118. Coupon does not represent the circuit.