Do You Know the Materials Used for Constructing 6 Layer Rigid-Flex PCB?

A six layer Rigid-Flex PCBs, as the name implies, is manufactured using six conductive copper layers. However, do you know the materials used for constructing 6 layer rigid-flex PCB? Now let me lift the veil for you.

6 layers rigid flex pcb

6 layers rigid flex pcb

Base Materials – The most commonly used base materials for manufacturing 6 layer rigid-flex PCB is woven fiberglass impregnated with epoxy resin. The use of cured epoxy makes the board more rigid. Manufacturers also prefer Polyimide rather than normal epoxy resin to ensure extreme reliability in complicated applications. Polyimide is chosen due to their extreme flexibility, toughness, and heat resistance properties. Polyester (PET) is also another material of choice for the PCB fabrication. Manufacturers often choose the most suitable materials according to the specific application requirements of customers.

Films – Manufacturers prefer PET films for producing 6 layers rigid-flex PCB due to their corrosion and heat resistance properties. The thickness of PET films used for the PCB manufacturing vary from 1/3 mil to 3 mils.

Conductors – Copper is the most preferred conductor of choice for making 6 layer rigid-flex PCB and various types of copper are used according to the specific application requirements. Annealed copper is used when repeated creasing or movement of the flex circuit is demanded.

6 layers rigid flex PCB

6 layers rigid flex PCB

Adhesives – The use of high quality adhesive is crucial to make a fine bonding between the conductor and films. Acrylic or epoxy based adhesives are the most commonly used adhesives to achieve a firm bonding, while silicones, hot-melt glues, and epoxy resins can also be used for bonding.

Manufacturers who are very familiar with the properties of the aforementioned materials can conduct their mechanical design, evaluation and testing of the PCBs better. Therefore, a manufacturer who fabricates 6 layers rigid-flex PCB for the automobile industry must quite know the moisture, chemical, shock & vibration resistance properties of the materials used in the construction. This contributes to enhancing the durability of PCBs in the case of industrial specific applications.

What Materials Are at the Forefront of Wearable Technology?

If you were to go to your doctor’s office today for a routine physical, the first five minutes would involve getting your blood pressure taken, taking your pulse, and getting your temperature. In the future, wearable technology may allow you to upload all of this crucial data to your doctor instantly from the devices and sensors already woven into your clothing or even tattooed on your body.

Wearable technology is evolving at a breakneck speed, with the help of advances in flexible printed circuit boards. One of the biggest challenges researchers and manufacturers face when devising wearable technology is creating materials that can flex and stretch while also maintaining conductivity and connections with the different circuits.

FPC in the wearable

FPC in the wearable

Developing just the right materials is a crucial piece in the future of wearable technology.

What Materials Work Best with Wearable Technology?

Wearable technology is a big category and includes everything from patches that can be layered onto skin to coats, shirts, and even sports bras. Each iteration of wearable technology offers unique challenges when finding the right materials.

Graphene

Graphene is a popular material choice, because it is an excellent conductor of electricity and also very flexible. Graphene offers an important alternative to wearables that rely on rigid components that can’t flex well. Researchers are actively experimenting with ways to blend graphene-based inks into cotton cloth.

Thermoplastics

Another option is the thermoplastic polyurethane, a highly adaptable plastic material. Already, a German company is using polyurethane to develop wearable skin patches that are breathable and hypoallergenic. Another thermoplastic polymere called polyethylene terephthalate (PET) offers excellent transparency, good flexibility, and is easy to fabricate.

Soft Silicones

The latest material innovations has been the development of soft silicone elastomers. Not only do these materials offer great flexibility, but they are prized for their ability to conform to a wide variety of shapes and textures. This puts them at the forefront of stretchable, wearable sensors. Some of the top soft silicone elastomers are: EcoFlex®, DragonSkin®, and Silbione®.

The field of wearable technology materials is advancing at breakneck speed. Here at Best Technology, we are keeping on top of these trends so that we can continue providing the most advanced flexible printed circuit boards to our customers.

flexible circuits

flexible circuits

Meeting Customers from Vietnam–Second Stop at the Flex PCB Factory

On October 18, 2018, Customers Son and Nguyen from Vietnam visited Best Technology. At first, they visited our office and would like to know more about the Flex PCB design. So they came to our Flex PCB factory for visiting.

Picture1: Watching the sample album of FPC

Picture1: Watching the sample album of FPC

During visiting the FPC factory, they learned more details about our workshop and the FPC manufacturing process.

Visiting the workshop of the factory

Picture2: Visiting the workshop of the factory

Visiting Flex PCB equipment

Picture3: Visiting Flex PCB equipment

After they knew the product and the manufacturing process in further, customers and we both believe that Best Technology is able to provide the most suitable products and the most satisfying service for our clients, to be customers best partner of Flexible Circuits in China!

Taking a photo

Picture4: Taking a photo

BEST always be your best choice of Flex PCB. And we hope the partnership can enhance our capability to supply our customers with good quality Flex PCBs.

Differences between Roll Anneal Copper Foil and Electrolysis Deposition Copper Foil

Differences between Roll Anneal Copper Foil and Electrolysis Deposition Copper Foil

Roll Anneal Copper Foil (RA copper):

Formation: Roll copper block many times, and then do the annealing treatment with high temperature. The shape of its crystal is lamellar structure.
Advantage: Soft, smooth surface, suitable for flexible PCB and small lines.
Shortage: high cost

Electrolysis Deposition Copper Foil (ED copper):

Formation: Melt copper into dilute sulfuric acid, it becomes bluestone solution.
Through a high electric field, copper attach on the metal drum. With the rolling of metal drum, thin copper foil finally formed.

Advantage: Low cost
Shortage: Unsuitable for small lines; bad bending resistance.
Here is the cross section observation of RA Copper and ED Copper:

roll anneal copper foil and electrolysis deposition copper foil

Company New Video of Flex Circuit, PCB & PCBA Launching Now!

Good news! Our company Video of Flexible circuits board, PCB & PCBA is launching now! You can see our team member, facility, production capability (includes Flexible Circuit, FR4 PCB, Metal Core PCB, Ceramic PCB, SMT (PCBA), to see how we continue to improve ourselves, to provide best service to our customers.

Please watch the following video on YouTuBe if you cannot open the above video.

I believe you will always remember that Best Technology will be your best choice of Flexible Circuit, FR4 PCB, Metal Core PCB, Ceramic PCB, SMT (PCBA) in China!

Please contact us today for your Flexible Circuit and other rigid circuit board inquiry!

Normal Thickness for 2Layers Flex Circuit (Adhesiveless)

Following up with the last article , here we’d like to share thickness for 2L flex circuit if using adhesiveless material.

2L FPC Flex circuit thickness (adhesiveless)

2L FPC Flex circuit thickness (adhesiveless)

2L FPC thickness using adhesiveless material

We also have other special material, such as 1mil Polyimide + 2OZ (70um) copper adhesiveless, (from Dupont). If you need more information, please contact us.

Normal Thickness for 2Layers Flex Circuit (Adhesive)

Different from rigid FR4 PCB, there’re three basic layers for flexible circuits, and various thickness of each maybe used, so people new to that area will be confused to choose a suitable thickness.

Here are four normal thickness for 2 layers (Double sided) flex circuit, and we hope it’ll be useful for the green hand:-)

2L FPC Thickness

2L FPC Thickness

2L FPC Thickness

2L FPC Thickness

As you can see, there’re adhesive in base for each four basic thickness of 2L (double sided) flex circuits, if you need more thin, then you can use adhesiveless material, and final thickness will be thinner even you use the same copper and Polyimide thickness. Please see next article (to be continued…)